Hawaii today is 90% dependent on imported fossil fuels and 85% on shipped-in foods. The ocean can someday supply much of our sustainable resources in harmony with the marine environment. The initial focus will be on public education and advocacy for the Pacific International Ocean Station as a living laboratory for development of the Blue Revolution.
The organization is currently headed by Leighton Chong (patent attorney), standing in the back next to our sign, and Benny Ron (aquacultural lead at the University of Hawaii) at the left front. Here they are to the left when they addressed the local Marine Technology Society. Also on the board are John Farias (former director of Agriculture and UH regent), Matt Matsunaga (attorney and former State Senator, whose father, Sparky, was responsible for the first OTEC legislation in Congress), Kaiu Kimura (executive director of the Imiloa Astronomy Center), Dante Carpenter (chairman of Democratic Party and former State Senator) and Patrick Takahashi (former director of the Hawaii Natural Energy Institute at the University of Hawaii). We had younger representation at this dinner, as compared to previous gatherings, shown in The Story of Blue Revolution Hawaii.
To summarize, BRH has proposed the Pacific International Ocean Station (PIOS--watch a summary of Pat's presentation to a Seasteading Institute conference in San Francisco), a grazing R&D plantship powered by ocean thermal energy conversion to develop the potential of marine co-products: electricity, freshwater, next generation fisheries, marine biomass plantations, hydrogen, biomethanol, and other commodities, while possibly remediating global warming and preventing the formation of hurricanes. This could be the first step for future floating cities and industrial parks.
While the anticipated cost of this adventure approaches $1.5 billion, this sum is a mere 1% the $150 billion International Space Station, which has yet to initiate a profitable company, and could well plunge to Planet Earth in 2020. Can you imagine how much better the world would be today if we had a hundred PIOSs plying the oceans of the world, developing sustainable resources in harmony with the marine environment?
Governments and companies don't have the stomach nor capability for a program of this type. Perhaps an enlightened billionaire and his friends seeking a monumental legacy might. I show the photo of Larry Ellison, for he does own Lanai and was featured in one of my postings earlier this week. He has not yet been officially contacted by BRH. The blog site iBlue Revolution posts on fundraising for PIOS. In the meantime, Leighton and Benny are initiating fundamental efforts to study this area.
For further details, click on the following Huffington Post articles:
It should be a surprise to most that in tonnage, there is now more farmed fish (70 million tons/year) than beef!!! A few more bullets:
Fish farming began in China 2500 years ago with carp.
China now produces 42 million tons/year, mostly carp and tilapia (Above, did you know that this fish is a mouth breeder? Yes, hard to see, but the eggs are kept in the mouth.), in ponds, rivers, lakes and the ocean.
All the above continues to talk about cages, fish feeding and the conventional. While entertaining with fabulous National Geographic photos, the theme is sadly uninspired. For a quarter century now, I have been cheerleading the concept of a real Blue Revolution, particularly with respect to next generation fisheries, or an Ultimate Ocean Ranch (click on it to read my Huffington Post article on that subject):
Sited in the open ocean, away from coastal environments.
Linked to the cold water effluent (high in nutrients and pathogen free) of OTEC plantships.
Eliminate the need for cages with nutrient or temperature barriers.
Eliminate the need for feed, as the system will close the growth cycle for maintaining a sustainable seafood population.
Use of robotics to protect byproduct.
Of course, the ultimate ocean ranch has not yet begun because there is today no commercial OTEC facility anywhere. Thus, much of what is happening today is that necessary bridge to the future. The Seasteading Institute and Blue Revolution Hawaii have taken on the challenge, with a few competitors from Japan and Europe.
It was in 1979 that Lockheed succeeded in attaining net positive with the 50 kW Mini-OTEC (above), a closed cycle ocean thermal energy conversion platform, off the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority (NELHA). In 1982, a team from Japan also advanced the field with a closed cycle 100 kW OTEC system on Nauru (left). That was the last true net positive experiment, although the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research in 1993 gained fame with an open cycle 210 kW (world record net power of 103 kW) facility at NELHA, which produced electricity and freshwater (below):
Two decades later, a 50 kW OTEC system is now producing electricity at Kumejima, Okinawa.
The first week of September saw considerable activity in OTEC, as reported in the following postings:
Among the key participants of the gatherings above included Robert Varley of Lockheed Martin (which announced an OTEC partnership with China--photo of signing to left included Secretary of State John Kerry), Ted Johnson of Ocean Thermal Energy Corporation (which recently announced a $7.7 million equity offering) and Eileen O'Rourke of OTEC International, who talked about their 1 MW OTEC experiment to be built at NELHA and the status of a partnership with Hawaii Electric Company to build a 100 MW OTEC commercial plant for Honolulu (top to bottom):
The OTEC Africa Conference will be held in Boras, Sweden next week, where discussed will be the latest developments:
At a gathering of the Hawaii Chapter of the Marine Technology Society (MTS) on 23May13, Benny Ron gave a presentation on the Pacific International Ocean Station (PIOS):
Seafood, at -$10 billion and growing, is next to petroleum (yes, even with fracking, 50% of our current use is imported), as the cause of our negative balance of trade. Next generation fisheries will be one of the many potential foci being contemplated for PIOS.
MTS is celebrating its 50th year anniversary, as highlighted here with Benny and Leighton Chong:
Our Story of the Blue Revolution started with John Pina Craven, so it was appropriate to begin the next phase of development for the Pacific International Ocean Station (PIOS) with an information exchange to gain his ancient mariner wisdom. Above, Professor Craven pontificating on the merits of this particular mock-up of a very large floating platform. At his home this afternoon, interacting with him were George Ariyoshi, Fujio Matsuda, John Farias, Leighton Chong, Matt Matsunaga, Ken Sanders, Patrick Takahashi and, as interlocutor, Benny Ron. Associates of John were his wife Dorothy and (does anyone have the name of John's assistant?).
John is one of those individuals who needs no introduction, but let us anyway indicate that he was born in New York City 88 years ago; has science, engineering and law degrees from the Californian Institute of Technology, the University of Iowa and George Washington University, respectively; served as Chief Scientist of the U.S. Navy's Special Projects Office (where his activities were well-chronicled in books such as Blind Man's Bluff and his The Silent War); and arrived in 1970 to stay in the middle of the Pacific Ocean as the Marine Affairs Coordinator for the State of Hawaii, where he founded the original facility for what is now the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority at Keahole Point on the Big Island of Hawaii.
He regaled us with old sea stories, weaving into the fabric of his life people like Hyman Rickover, Richard Nixon, John Burns, Kiyonori Kikutake and Marlon Brandon. The bottom line is that he encouraged Blue Revolution Hawaii to keep proceeding with the Pacific International Ocean Station, for if not us, then who. He strongly felt that the technical aspects of the sustainable ocean system with the co-products were eminently attainable, but we should be particularly sensitive to, and in fact, will actively need to overcome, the political, sociological, economic and environmental factors, which will make or break our efforts. Finally, here is our Man of the Ocean:
The Blue Revolution Hawaii board met yesterday, with some sorrowfulness, as one of our members, Guy Toyama (left), earlier this week passed away at the age of 42. Three days earlier, a key inspiration for the Blue Revolution, Paul Yuen (right), also suddenly died. Blue Revolution Hawaii is the synthesis of half a century of efforts validating Hawaii as the headquarters of the Blue Revolution.
Ostensibly, there is no real beginning for the Blue Revolution, as innumerable marine pioneers over the past century have contributed to this progress. Let us begin in 1972, forty years ago, when Hawaii ocean engineer John Craven (left above) and Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake built a model of a floating city and towed it to Kaneohe Bay. Alas, it sank, and remains rusting away. John went on to found the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii in 1974, while Governor George Ariyoshi the adjacent Hawaii Ocean Science and Technology Park in 1985. In 1990 the two were combined into the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority (NELHA):
There are a few who wonder if this was wise, as now NELHA needs to assure that every project is self-sufficient. For a field so formative, there has to be a vibrant R&D component to solidify the science and engineering, and cultivate new ideas and pathways. The Pacific International Ocean Station, described in a 3June2012 posting, is the open ocean extension of NELHA, except that the early focus will be on technology transfer, with opportunities for free enterprise activity.
Early insights came from Spilly Spilhaus (left), founder of the Sea Grant Program, with his dreams about colonization of the ocean, and Joe Vadus (right), chief ocean technologist of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration, who had the drive and imagination to dream about what could be.
The first real piece of hardware that actually worked on the open ocean was Mini-OTEC off NELHA at Keahole Point, Hawaii, in 1979. Jim Wenzel and his Lockheed crew were the first to attain net positive for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC).
Patrick Takahashi had just joined the staff of U.S. Senator Spark Matsunaga, and he helped draft the original bill for OTEC R&D. The legislation was enacted in 1980. The language suggested 10,000 MW by 1999. During this same period, U.S. Senator Dan Inouye also succeeded in passing legislation to stimulate the commercialization of the technology. Well, advancements have been elusive, for there is exactly zero MW operating today. However, click on the current state of development, as there is newfound reason for some optimism. Of course, while OTEC is the necessary natural energy source, it is only an element of the Blue Revolution.
In a nutshell, while the Green Revolution merely led to an expansion of grain production, the Blue Revolution shows promise as the next major opportunity to produce clean energy, marine biomass plantations, next generation fisheries and other co-products, while remediating global warming and preventing the formation of hurricanes.
So back to the history, in the early to mid-80's, Paul Yuen and Pat enlisted the assistance of Fujio Matsuda (left), who was then president of the University of Hawaii, and George Ariyoshi (right), who was governor of Hawaii, to create the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research (PICHTR) as a partnership with Japan to establish in Hawaii a clean technology transfer organization to complement university research for the benefit of the Pacific Islands and World. PICHTR succeeded in attaining net positive in 1992 with a 210 kW open cycle OTEC experiment at NELHA.
The notion of half a billion dollars scared funding agencies and congressional staffers. So a decision was made to pursue specific marine bio-product and ocean enhancement pathways, which someday in the future could be integrated unto a floating platform. It was left to the private sector to develop OTEC.
Stan Dunn of Florida Atlantic University and Pat co-chaired a workshop at the headquarters of the Department of Commerce in D.C. in 1993 to prepare a feasibility plan for the design, construction and operation of a fleet of OTEC-powered plant ships to retard the formation of hurricanes. They published a paper entitled Artificial Upwelling for Environmental Enhancement.
The University of Hawaii was selected as the National Science Foundation Marine Bioproducts Engineering Center in 1998 with funding of $12 million. The primary focus was on marine microorganisms to produce high value biopharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals.
In 2003 Pat was invited by the United Nations to address the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission to gain international cooperation for the Blue Revolution. While interest was high, funding proved difficult, and the operative term then was something closer to the Blue Evolution.
Guy's legacy might well be Blue Revolution Hawaii and the Pacific International Ocean Station. A couple of years ago, we were having lunch in Kona when he mentioned how billionaire Gordon Moore had provided funds to initiate the Thirty Meter Telescope Project. As Guy had an office at Keahole Point at the entrance of the NELHA, why not the Blue Revolution with support from a billionaire? Thus was born Blue Revolution Hawaii, which proposed the Pacific International Ocean Station. Guy created the presentation for PIOS, which I presented at the Seasteading Institute's conference in San Francisco.
Leighton Chong came on board as the third Blue Revolutionist. He and Guy took on the leadership role to organize Blue Revolution Hawaii. The two made presentations in Japan and China and met with potential partners in those two countries. The original board included Fujio Matsuda and John Farias. Our two annual dinners with advisors:
The Board meeting today of Blue Revolution Hawaii at the Plaza Club:
Clockwise from the bottom left: John Farias, Dante Carpenter, Patrick Takahashi, Matt Matsunaga, Leighton Chong, Kaiu Kimura and George Ariyoshi. Fujio Matsuda had the flu.
So the story of the Blue Revolution can only be introductory and the mission of Blue Revolution Hawaii is only beginning. Space became passe when the Cold War ended. The next great opportunity for humanity is to develop the riches of the seas in harmony with the marine environment. Hawaii is in the middle of the largest ocean, and the ideal site for the Pacific International Ocean Station (PIOS). For only 1% the cost of the International Space Station (left, ISP, which has expended $150 billion), PIOS can serve as the platform from which can come sustainable fuels, ultimate ocean ranches, marine biomass plantations, Disney-at-Sea and, someday, floating cities. Pictured below is Shimizu Corporation's Green Float, a future phase which could well begin with PIOS: